In this section, you will find a database of all articles presented and published by PPCA in biannual conferences organized by PPCA since 1970.
You have access to a generic search, or to an advanced search, by preset keywords.
- A Flexible Solution for Renovation of Small Diameter Service Pipes
Author(s) : Morgan, Muckle, Scott 1998 Gothenburg
A three way partnership has resulted in the development of a new solution to the refurbishment of old iron and steel gas service pipes. The solution which has been developed allows a flexible polyethylene replacement pipe to be inserted into the old pipe system. This avoids the need for the costly excavations or...
- A New Approach to the Instrumented Falling Weight Method
Author(s) : Lawrence, Rasbash, Potter, Teo 1998 Gothenburg
Structured wall plastic pipe has been in existence for many years, but there remains a need for an appropriate method for assessing the durability of their comparatively thin walls in actual service. In normal operation this has not manifest itself as a problem, but the fact that damage can be sustained during...
- A Review of the Latest Stage of a Method That Allows the Testing of Large
Author(s) : Lawrence, Potter, Teo 1998 Gothenburg
The short term testing of any plastic pipe for its prospective longevity in service is extremely difficult because it requires some accelerated technique which needs to work within or verv close to the normal operatin? strains if extensive creep processes are to be avoided. The problem has now been exacerbated by...
- Accelerated Test Methods for Stress Crack Resistance Evaluation of PE Pipe Grades
Author(s) : Dreze, Scheelen 1998 Gothenburg
The expanding use of tough high-density polyethylene for gas and water pipes requires the develo~m~ent of new test methods for performance evaluation. This paper investigates the suitability of one of the proposed test methods, the Full Notch Creep Test, as a tool for material performance assessment,...
- Aliphatic Polyketones in Pipe Applications Gray, Powell, Bonner)
Author(s) : 1998 Gothenburg
Aliphatic polyketones are a family of polymers prepared by the polymerisation of olefins and carbon monoxide in a perfectly alternating sequence. BP Chemicals produces these materials using a proprietary palladium catalyst in a continuous polymerisation process.They are crystalline thermoplastics which offer a unique...
- An Alternate Method for Determining the Hydrostatic Design Basis for Plastic Piping Materials
Author(s) : Broutman, Edwards, Shah, Palermo 1998 Gothenburg
The Alternate Methods Committee of the Plastics Pipe Institute's Hydrostatic Stress Board has initiated development of an alternate method for determining the hydrostatic design basis (HDB) for plastic piping materials. After reviewing several test methods, the plane-strain tensile method, developed by Choi and...
- Assessment of Pipe Systems, Condition and Residual Life
Author(s) : Hill 1998 Gothenburg
It is almost 30 years since BG ple (formerly British Gas) installed the first polyethylene gas distribution pipeline in the United Kingdom. At that time, there was little experience in the failure mechanisms associated with PE materials and therefore the predicted lifetime, although scientifically sound in approach...
- Comparison of Short-Term Coupon Test
Author(s) : Hinchcliff, Troughton 1998 Gothenburg
There are a number of different mechanical test methods available to assess the quality of butt fusion welded joints in polyethylene (PE) pipes. However, little published information exists on the correlations that may or may not exist between the results from these methods. This paper compares the results from...
- Cone Extruder
Author(s) : Valta, Syrjaelae, Karttunen, Phillips, Kirjavainen 1998 Gothenburg
A novel extrusion technology is introduced for multilayer plastics processing. Starting point of this work has been well known problems with conventional extrusion heads : the marks from the spider legs and weld line of cross head remain in the product and weaken mechanical and electrical properties. Uniform...
- Continuous Fibre Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipes for Use in the Transport and Distribution
Author(s) : Gibson 1998 Gothenburg
This paper discusses the fabrication and properties of continuous fibre reinforced thermoplastic pipe systems. Such products can be manufactured by various winding processes involving reinforcing fibres or prepreg tape and have the potential to form the basis of a new range of high added value pipe products.
- Cross-Linked PE Pipe for Hot Water and Geothermal Applications Reliability and Fusion Technology
Author(s) : Tsunaga, Matsunami, Sato, Nakata 1998 Gothenburg
By applying the cross-linked EF to the cross-linked PE(PEX) pipe \vhicli has a composite structure, the reliability of hot water piping system under severe environment lias significantly increased. A continuous use for approsimately 30 years under severe conditions such as 80 "C. and I MPa becomes possible. In this...
- Design & Testing for Obtaining Sustainable Products
Author(s) : Janson 1998 Gothenburg
Sustainable Development’ is a concept which is often used today, particularly when discussing necessary efforts for preventing persistent environmental problems. It came up as a result of the findings already by the Rome Club et al in the early 70s’, implying that the natural resources of the earth are limited and...
- Design of Thermoplastics Pipes
Author(s) : Alferink, Janson, Olliff 1998 Gothenburg
Extensive field trials are being performed in a project sponsored by TEPPFA and APME,to obtain well documented information about the behaviour of buried thermoplastics pipes. as outlined in the paper by Alferink, Bjorklund and Kallioinen (Ref 1). This information is of vital importance to obtain a workable design...
- Development of EF Jointing Works
Author(s) : Yoshida, Kitaoka, Nishimura 1998 Gothenburg
Because dirt ( sand, mud, etc. ) on the fusion interface causes a decrease in the strength of fusion joints, it is necessary to scrape and clean the pipe surface before fusion jointing. We have determined the degree of dirt that causes a decrease in the strength of fusion joints by experiments on peeling off at the...
- Ductile deformation in Pipe Grade PE
Author(s) : Hillmansen, Davis, Leevers 1998 Gothenburg
Rapid Crack Propagation in PE-100 gas pipes is governed primarily by a brittle-tough transition temperature TBT,above which ductile deformation will absorb energy and promptly arrest a fast-running brittle crack. Even at low temperatures, a layer of plastically deformed material is formed at the pipe bore during...
- Dynamic Pressure Testing
Author(s) : Lawrence, Teo, Potter 1998 Gothenburg
There is increasing evidence that dynamic testing is a most powerful. if not the only practical, method of evaluating whole plastic pipe for its long term service potential. Indeed in some instances this method is used as the primary indicator of performance in the researcNdevelopmentaI process of these...
- Dynamic Test Method for the Evaluation of Butt Welds
Author(s) : Lawrence, Potter, Teo 1998 Gothenburg
When butt welds fail in servicc it is normal to find that the initiation site of the fracture occurs at the point where the roll bead attaches to the main body of the pipe. The ratio of hoop stress to longitudinal stress for 'thin walled' pipe is approximately 2 : 1 and so it is more likely that these...
- Elastomeric Joint Comparison of PVC, VC and FCR Pipes
Author(s) : Lu, Burn, Whittle 1998 Gothenburg
For rubber ring joints to resist plant root penetration, it has been reported and promulgated into Australian Standards that a sufficiently high contact pressure between the rubber and the pipe must be maintained. The evaluation of the appropriate interfacial pressure to be used has been under discussion for some...
- Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Gas Distribution
Author(s) : Wikkerink, Wolters, van den Berg, Huppes 1998 Gothenburg
Environmental aspects tend to be increasingly important in designing gas distribution systems and in selecting gas distribution materials. Therefore the environmental aspects of various materials options for gas distribution networks were analyzed by means of a quantitative life cycle assessment. This paper...
- Environmental Stress Cracking of PVC Pipe Materials
Author(s) : Wolters 1998 Gothenburg
In the Netherlands, rigid PVC and impact-modified PVC pipes have been used in gas distribution systems for dozens of years. In general, these pipes have performed excellently. Some years ago, however. questions were raised about the resistance of these materials to certain gas constituents. An extensive research...
- Evaluation of the Surge and Fatigue Resistance of PVC and PE Pipeline Materials for use in the UK Water Industry
Author(s) : Marshall, Brogden, Shepher 1998 Gothenburg
Many early brittle failures in PVC water and sewerage pipelines, where repeated surge events are thought likely to induce embrittlement, were attributed to fatigue. The concerns of pipeline engineers led to the adoption of the British Standard Code of Practice CP 312 (ref. 1) by the UK water industry, which gives...
- Extrusion of Fibre Reinforced Pipes with Controlled Orientation
Author(s) : El-Sobky, Psimolophitis 1998 Gothenburg
Plastics pipes are used extensively by the gas and water industries. Fibre reinforced thermoplastics are widely used for the manufacturing of precision engineering components by injection moulding and to a lesser extent in pipe extrusion. The main reason for this is that the uniaxial flow of the fibre filled...
- Fast brittle Fracture of Water Pressurised Plastics Pipes
Author(s) : Greenshields 1998 Gothenburg
Brittle failures in service water pipelines sometimes occur at relatively low pressures and for no apparent reason. This paper presents a review o f research into brittle fracture in water pipes and questions some o f the received assumptions which obscure tlie subject. The hydrostatic S4 test is proposed to...
- Fast Weld Field Trials, High Productivity Butt Fusion Jointing of PE Pipes
Author(s) : Reynolds, Jenkins, Burgess, Attwood 1998 Gothenburg
The Butt Fusion procedures used in the UK Water and Gas industries, which determine the total time taken to complete a successful joint, have remained largely unchanged since their harmonisation in 1990. The parameters evolved to suit manually operated Butt Fusion machines and reflected the fact that the...
- High Performance HDPE Pipe Compound Development
Author(s) : Wolfe 1998 Gothenburg
The development of Marlex" H5 16 high performance HDPE pipe compound progressed over many years resulting in the introduction of Driscopipe 8100 pipe to the United States pipe market in 1997. This product has been extensively evaluated for long-term hydrostatic strength (LTHS). slow crack growth (SCG)....
- Hot Pipes - Close fit lining of Cast Iron Gas Mains using Cross Linked PE
Author(s) : Tonen 1998 Gothenburg
Safe operation of Transco's gas distribution system depends upon an ongoing policy to replace cast iron mains with polyethelene pipe. Minimal excavation techniqlles can ensure that this work is carried out in a cost effective manner. Research and development of techniques to achieve this objective are key to...
- Impact Rate and Geometry Effects in Pipe Grade Materials
Author(s) : Douglas, Leevers 1998 Gothenburg
A model for dynamic and impact fracture has been recently proposed whereby the fracture event is controlled by adiabatic heating and subsequent melting of the cohesive crack tip craze. The crack initiation resistance is shown to be an inherent function of specimen geometry and impact speed. This theoretical framework...
- Impact Test for Preventing RCP
Author(s) : Brown, Lu 1998 Gothenburg
The S4 critical temperature (CT) for 110 mm pipe was correlated with the plane stress impact energy for 13 resins. A plane stress impact (PSI) test is offered as an inexpensive way to control RCP by determining the lot to lot variations of the critical temperature of a resin. Details of the PSI test are presented.
- Influence of Various Stabilizers in PE on Creep Crack Growth Behavior and Pipe Failure
Author(s) : Pinter, Lang 1998 Gothenburg
In this work differently stabilized Poly(ethylene) (PE)-types were characterized by linearelastic fracture mechanics (LEFM ) (creep crack growth tests) and internal pressure testing. In total, 6 PE formulations (2 polymer types with 3 stabilizer systems) were investigated. While no influence of stabilizer type was...
- Introduction to Plastics Pipeline Materials
Author(s) : Berndtson 1998 Gothenburg
This paper has been written to support the Workshop presentation. It is intended to be a useful reference and introduction to plastics pipeline systems for the engineer, specifier or end-user of plastics pipeline systems. The basic characteristics and types of plastics have been reviewed. The reasons why plastics...
- Jointing Methods for Plastics Pipeline Systems
Author(s) : Headford 1998 Gothenburg
Jointing Methods for Plastics Pipeline Systems AL Headford (Durapipe S & LP, UK) ee Introduction The basic requirements for pipe Jointing are common to all pipe systems made from any material (including traditional materials), whether they be for sealed pressure usage or non-pressure usage. These are a) minimal...
- Key Properties of Plastics for Installation and Service
Author(s) : Beech 1998 Gothenburg
Pressure pipeline systems are a critical application for materials and demand high levels of performance and reliability. It is not by chance that plastics pipeline systems have gained a considerable market share, particularly in the gas and water utilities supply system. This paper briefly reviews the key...
- Linear Vibration Welding of PE Pipes
Author(s) : Nomura, Hirabayashi, Troughton 1998 Gothenburg
This paper describes an assessment of the quality of butt and branch joints in polyethylene (PE) pipes, produced using the linear vibration welding technique. Results showed that butt welds in pipes of 165 mm outside diameter(0D) could be produced within a total weld/cool time of 85 seconds, which is less than...
- Long Term Durability of Cross-Linked PE Tubing Used in Chlorinated Hot Water Systems
Author(s) : Gill, Knapp, W.Bradley, L.Bradley 1998 Gothenburg
The objectives of this research are to better understand the degradation of cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing subjected to pressurized, hot chlorinated water in flow-through systems (like home plumbing) and to estimate its service lifetime. PEX tubing was subjected to pressure testing with flowing hot,...
- Long-Term Creep of ABS Pipes at Variable Temperatures
Author(s) : Lu, Burn 1998 Gothenburg
One of the characteristic behaviours of plastics (or viscoelastics) materials is the creep phenomenon, which is defined as the continuing deformation under a constant load with time. Although research on creep of plastics pipes has been widely carried out in other plastics, little work has been reported for creep...
- Non-Destructive Testing of Electrofused Joints and Large Diameter Gas Pipes
Author(s) : Striplin 1998 Gothenburg
The Gas Research Institute and McElroy Manufacturing, Inc. cofunded Project 5091-271-2341 to increase the capability of the UltraMc” Computerized Ultrasonic Inspection System. This project added the 2” Iron Pipe Size (IPS), 3” IPS, 6” IPS, 8” IPS, 10” IPS, 12”, IPS, 50 mm Japan Industrial Size (JIS), 75...
- Numerical Analysis and Soil Box Study of the Influence of Trench
Author(s) : Wijeyesekera, Warnakulasuriya 1998 Gothenburg
Gurnble (1983) and Molin (1981) used numerical analysis to demonstrate the significance of lateral earth loading on flexible pipe design. The restraint provided by the stiffness of the side fills on the pipe influences the shape of the deformed pipe. Low trench width to pipe diameter ratios can hinder the process...
- Omega-Liner - A new pipeline renovation system
Author(s) : Huusko, Bos 1998 Gothenburg
The main requirements for successful pipeline renovation systems are to combine an easy and safe installation with a long lifetime and a good cost performance. This paper reviews the development and evaluation of the Omega-Liner™ relining system which is a close-fit system based on a PVC alloy. Practical...
- Optimising the Performance of Modified PVC for Pressure Pipe Applications
Author(s) : Whittle, Burford) 1998 Gothenburg
Modified PVC pipes are being introduced for water reticulation where their tough, predictable behaviour offers advantages in both performance and material utilisation. CPE is one of the modifiers used, either alone or in combination with other additives. The effects of changes in processing conditions on both the...
- PE Pipes for Contaminated Land
Author(s) : Hill 1998 Gothenburg
Polyethylene has many virtues as a material for underground potable water hstribution pipes. Unlike ferrous metals, it is totally immune to corrosion, and is extremely resistant to chemical attack from any aqueous media. However it has one minor weakness - it is slightly permeable to hydrocarbons, and other organic...
- Plastic Deformation Behavior of PE Pipes under Displacement
Author(s) : Nishimura, Macba, Ishikawa, Ueda 1998 Gothenburg
In the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, dthough leak and cracking occurred mainly in joints of small-diameter steel pipes with screwed joints, no damage occurred to polyethylene pipes. To secure aseis~uicresistance of gas pipeline, polyethylene pipes are expected to come into wider use i n the future. To deternune...
- Plastics Pipes - Future in the Water Industry
Author(s) : Stokes, Edwards 1998 Gothenburg
The paper examines the business and regulatory background to the infrastructure investments anticipated in the next few years, from the point of view of a major UK Water Company. Past performance of the use of plastic pipes for sewers and water mains are examined. Shortcomings of the products are identified and...
- Plastics Pipes in Hot Water Applications
Author(s) : Bresser, Hoejer, Palmloef 1998 Gothenburg
This paper gives an overview of the different plastic systems and the spectrum of application areas. The present situation and trends for the future are described for the system design and installation, the applied standardisation, the approvals by authorities and the market size. It is attempted to give a complete...
- PP for Buried Sewage Piping Systems
Author(s) : Lind 1998 Gothenburg
Polypropylene has, in Europe, during the last decades gradually gained a stronger position as pipe material for non pressure sewerage applications. First heterophasic PP copolymers came into use in indoor sewerage systems, e.g. in Germany and in Scandinavia. Later Structured Wall Piping systems were developed for...
- Process and Property Interactions in PE Pipelines
Author(s) : Davis, Greenshields, Dabas, Leevers 1998 Gothenburg
The study of Rapid Crack Propagation (RCP) in pressurised pipelines is of particular importancr to th? g a industry, where the possibility of such a failure must he minimised. Polyethylene (PE) currently dominates the market for plastic gas pipelines, and as the demands for larger diameters .and higher operating...
- Product Development Using the Dynamic (Cycle Pressure) Test
Author(s) : Ansell, Lawrence 1998 Gothenburg
Recent years have seen the steadily increasing use of thermoplastics for pipes and fittings for domestic hot and cold water supply and heating installations. Plastic pipe systems, in particular those that incorporate a push-in design offer considerable advantages over conventional pipe systems. However,...
- Properties and Performance of Biaxial PVC Pipe Manufactured by a Continuous Process
Author(s) : Holloway 1998 Gothenburg
An extrusion process for manufacturing a molecularly oriented PVC pipe is described. The pipe is stretched in both the hoop and axial d i i i o n s and is therefore described as a BiAxial PVC pipe. It is shown how this process enhances strength and toughness which allows a higher standard of pipe at lower cost. The...
- Rapid Crack Propagation
Author(s) : Leevers 1998 Gothenburg
The international standardisation of tests for Rapid Crack Propagation (RCP) is approaching completion, and requirements for product and systems standards x e well established. Yet some basic issues about RCP remain contentious. In contrast to slow crack growth, there is a near-absence of service failure data, and...
- Rapid Extension and Failure of PE Craze Material
Author(s) : Hazra, Leevers 1998 Gothenburg
In previous work on the impact behaviour of pipe grade polyethylene (PE), the 'thermal decohesion model' was proposed by Leevers [ l ] to explain the embrittlement of PE under impact and at low temperatures. One of the initial assumptions of the model was that the crack tip craze could be represented by...
- Relationship between Molecular Structure of PE Resins or Additives and Long-Term Performance of PE Pipes
Author(s) : Higuchi, Nishimura, Tamamura, Harada 1998 Gothenburg
To estimate the long-term performance of polyethylene pipe, molecular structure of polyethylene resin were analyzed and the long-term performance test were done. By linking the molecular structure of the resin to the results of long-term performance tests such as tensile creep tests and tensile fatigue tests, it...
- Results and Experiences from Tests on PEX, PP and PVC Pipes Exposed to Different Chemicals
Author(s) : Ifwarson, Andersson 1998 Gothenburg
This paper presents experimental data for PEX, PEM, PP and PVC pipes exposed to different chemicals. More than 150 plastic pipes of PEX, PEM, PP and PVC have been pressure tested with different chemicals. The chemicals used are; 97% Sulfuric acid, 100% Acetic acid, 30% Sodium hydroxide and a solution of 50%...
- Results and Experiences from Tests on Polyolefin Pipes exposed to Chlorinated Water
Author(s) : Ifwarson, Aoyama 1998 Gothenburg
This paper presents experimental data for three Japanese polyolefin pipe grades exposed to chlorinated water. The chlorine concentrations used are 0.5, 1 and 3 ppm. Results are presented in creep rupture diagrams. The results are compared with hydrostatic pressure tests using 0 ppm of chlorine. Extrapolations...
- Results and Experiences Obtained by Studsvik From Long-Term Pressure Tests
Author(s) : Leijstrom, Ifwarson 1998 Gothenburg
This paper presents experimental evidences and experiences obta~nedfrom the use of the so-called Miner's rule for determination of lifetime expectancies of plastic pipes subjected to varying testing conditions, i.e. altering temperatures and pressures. Results obtained from some unique long-term pressure tests of...
- Sewer Jetting
Author(s) : Morris, Cant 1998 Gothenburg
In the UK, jetting of drains and sewers is undertaken mainly for emergency clearance of blockages, rather than planned cleaning as in some other countries. Jetting equipment has been constantly upgraded to produce higher pressures in order to provide a quicker service to customers and better return on...
- Site Jointing
Author(s) : Buckler 1998 Gothenburg
It has long been recognised that the achilles heel of a thermoplastics pipe system 1s the quality of the site jointing procedure. Successful site welding, and indeed the making of mechanical joints, requires a higher level of competence than the more conventional jointing methods associated with traditional materials....
- Skinned PE Pipe Offering Non Scrape Electrofusion Jointing and Protection During Handling and Installation
Author(s) : Muckle, Wood, Reed 1998 Gothenburg
Developed to address the practical problems experienced on site with the preparation of the surface of polyethylene (PE) pipes for electrofusion jointing, skinned PE pipe also offers the secondary benefit of general pipe protection against gouging and other forms of abrasion damage. This paper discilsses the...
- Slow Crack Growth Performance of Today's Plastics Pipeline Materials
Author(s) : Beech 1998 Gothenburg
Pressure pipeline systems are a critical application for materials and demand high levels of performance and reliability. Resistance to slow crack growth is a key consideration for both metals and polymers alike, which must be dealt with by the appropriate material selection, product design and manufacturing control....
- Slow Crack Growth Test
Author(s) : Traenkner 1998 Gothenburg
This paper presents the results of a series of notch tests on bars and pipes. Tests were performed on PE, PEX (peroxide, silane and radiation), PP and PB resins. The temperature was 80°C. Large differences were observed between the various polyolefin grades. Differences were also observed between different...
- Standards and Certifications
Author(s) : Jones 1998 Gothenburg
In this paper the author reviews the current situation with regard to the development of standards for plastics piping systems. There are many detailed documents relating to the timetable/work programme of IS0 /CEN standards. If you do not have access to them the author will be pleased to answer specific...
- Structural Considerations for Thermoplastic Pipe Linings Used for the Transport
Author(s) : Boot, Naqvi 1998 Gothenburg
The principles underlying the concept of thermoplastically lined pipes for untreated well-head fluids, with particular reference to subsea applications, are first described. The prime sources of load on the lining are then identified as build-up of gas pressure in the pipe-lining annulus and swell of the lining....
- The Design of Thermoplastics Pipes
Author(s) : Alferink, Bjoerklund, Kallioinen 1998 Gothenburg
Over the last 15 years several attempts have been undertaken to establish a design method for plastics pipes (IS0 TC138 WG13) and over the last ten years to establish an unified design method for all buried pipes (CEN TC1641165 JWGI). Several national methods are available and it is shown over the last ten years...
- The Evolution and Present State of PE Water Pipes in Japan
Author(s) : Honda 1998 Gothenburg
In the Japan Water industry, there has been a strong movement recently to use PE piping. Till quite recently, PVC and ironjprimarily ductile iron) have been used for water piping in Japan generally. The movement toward PE for water piping was pushed by The Great Hanshin-Awaji(Kobe) Earthquake occurred in...
- The Structural Behaviour of Cured-In-Place Pipe
Author(s) : Boot, Javadi 1998 Gothenburg
The fundamental structural characteristics of cured-in-place pipe for sewer linings are first described, and current procedure for their design reviewed. Following identification of the major inconsistencies in this design philosophy, a programme of research with the objective of addressing these issues is...
- The Use of Polypropylene for Buried Sewage Piping Systems
Author(s) : Ebner, Konrad 1998 Gothenburg
Pipes made .from plastics are widespreadly used for numerous applications, and pipes made from polypropylene (PP) play a major role in manv of these fields, but especially in sectors such as pressurised industrial piping, domestic hot and cold water distribution and soil & waste discharge systems. Polypropylene...
- Thin Walled Polyester Reinforced PE Lining for Potable Water Pipeline Renovation
Author(s) : Bonn 1998 Gothenburg
This paper relates experience gained using Thermopipe. a Thin Walled Polyester Reinforced Polyethylene (PRP) pipe for the rehabilitation of water mains. Some 46km have now been installed world wide, with the bulk of the work carried out in the UK, where 12 water companies have used the system. The Paper also...
- Time-Dependent Crack Growth in PE
Author(s) : Bradley, Slay, Self, Register, Lamborn 1998 Gothenburg
The crack growth rate in HMN 5202 and HXM 50100 polyethylcne has bcen studied as a function of stress intensity using deeply notched three-point bend specimens. l'he load-line displacen~entin response to a static applied load has been measured, with tlie material compliance as a function of time determined from the...
- Ultimate Mechanical Performance of a Filament Wound Glass Fibre
Author(s) : Thornhill, Curley, Gilchrist 1998 Gothenburg
The use of glass fibre reinforced epoxy pipelines in the high pressure transport of fluids is becoming more widespread; this is due to the high strength to weight ratio and the corrosion resistant properties of these material systems. A 12-inch internal diameter glass fibre reinforced epoxy pipeline with winding...
- Welding of Peroxide, Silane and Electron Beam Crosslinked PE Pipes
Author(s) : Scholten, Wolters 1998 Gothenburg
An investigation has been carried out into butt welding and electrofusion welding of PEX pipes, which had been crosslinked using the peroxide, silane and electron beam processes (PEXa, PEXb and PEXc respectively). A new hypothesis was set-up to explain the good weld quality of PEXa pipes electrowelded with regular...
- Whole Life Investment Options for Underground Utility Construction Activity
Author(s) : Howell 1998 Gothenburg
This paper examines the asset investment options available to Water Utility Companies for the maintenance of underground utilities emphasising the advantages in taking the best whole life cost option for rehabilitation or replacement. Design, technical. operational and unit cost comparisons are then presented for the...
- A Universal, User Friendly, System for Gas Leakage Free House Connections
Author(s) : Gutoneau 1998 Gothenburg
- Biaxially Oriented PE100 Pipes by Die-Drawing
Author(s) : Taraiya, Ward 1998 Gothenburg
- Effects of processing conditions on the fracture toughness
Author(s) : Kuriyama, Narisawa, Shiina, Kotaki 1998 Gothenburg
- Empirical Study of Water Hammer in Plastics Pipes
Author(s) : Mitosek, Roszkowksi 1998 Gothenburg
- Environmental excellence of Polyolefin Pipes
Author(s) : Bagge 1998 Gothenburg
- Evaluation of RCP resistance for Japanese domestic-made PE gas pipes by S4 test and Charpy impact test
Author(s) : Okamoto, Akiyama, Wasada, Komukai 1998 Gothenburg
- Fast brittle fracture of gas pressurised plastic pipes
Author(s) : Venizelos, Greenshields, Ivankovic 1998 Gothenburg
- Fresh Water Supply System of Nonmetallic Materials for Large Aircraft
Author(s) : Otto, Schulte, Feldmann 1998 Gothenburg
- Installation Technology for Maximum Benefit
Author(s) : De Rosa, Lane 1998 Gothenburg
- Large Diameter Cross-Linked PE Pipes
Author(s) : Bar 1998 Gothenburg
- Multilayer Molding Technology for Electro-Fusion Fittings
Author(s) : Yoshii 1998 Gothenburg
- New Generation of Polyolefins
Author(s) : Abbas 1998 Gothenburg
- New Test Methods for Structured Wall Pipes for Sewers
Author(s) : Schwarwachter 1998 Gothenburg
- No Dig Drain, A System for Remediation of Soil
Author(s) : Migchelsen 1998 Gothenburg
- Organic Based Stabilizer Systems for PVC Pipes
Author(s) : Hopfmann, Wehner, Stoffelsma, Ryningen, Clucas, Pfaender 1998 Gothenburg
- PE Pipes - a 100 year service life?
Author(s) : Bergman 1998 Gothenburg
- PE100 opens new horizons for Plastics Pipes
Author(s) : LeRoux, Espersen 1998 Gothenburg
- PE80 or PE100
Author(s) : Suys 1998 Gothenburg
- Plastic Pipeline Systems
Author(s) : Shepherd 1998 Gothenburg
- Plastic Pipes and the Environment
Author(s) : Van t Veer 1998 Gothenburg
- Plastics pipe in hot water applications
Author(s) : Bresser, Palmloef 1998 Gothenburg
- Plastics Pipe Market
Author(s) : Denning 1998 Gothenburg
- Plastics Pipeline Training Systems
Author(s) : LeHunt 1998 Gothenburg
- Reduced Cost Pipelines, Manufactured Using Thermoplastic Composite Technology
Author(s) : Francombe, Sharpe 1998 Gothenburg
- Relationship between Toughness and Structural Parameter of PE-Copolymers
Author(s) : Nezbedova, Salajka, Kucera 1998 Gothenburg
- Slow Crack Growth and Impact Mechanisms in PE
Author(s) : Clutton, Rose, Capaccio 1998 Gothenburg
- Smart Solutions for the Design of Rehabilitation with Plastics Pipes
Author(s) : Marshall, Morley, Pearson 1998 Gothenburg
- State of the Art of the Standard Extrapolation Method for Analysing Stress Rupture Data
Author(s) : Vanspeybroeck 1998 Gothenburg
- The Advantages of a Silane Crosslinkable PE Liner for Pipelines
Author(s) : Wright, Burley 1998 Gothenburg
- The Mechanical Performance of PE Pipe Elbows Produced by a Novel Continuous Moulding Process
Author(s) : Allan, Hashemi, Faulkner, Bevis 1998 Gothenburg
- The New Water Supply Pipeline for the Town of Palermo
Author(s) : Abdel, Vanspeybroeck 1998 Gothenburg
- Ultrasonic Inspection of Butt-Fused PE-Joints
Author(s) : Horst, Weyn, Hermkens 1998 Gothenburg
- Updating Retained Gastket Jointing Technology for PVC Pipes
Author(s) : Smith, Guzowski 1998 Gothenburg
- Urban Water and Wastewater Infrastructure in Europe
Author(s) : Jones 1998 Gothenburg