Our site uses cookies necessary for its proper functioning. To improve your experience, other cookies may be used: you can choose to disable them. This can be changed at any time via the Cookies link at the bottom of the page.

Innovative design of the atlanta braves baseball field



Plastic Pipes Conference Association # 2018 Las-Vegas

Jim Goddard, Issam Khoury, Mark Heinlein

The Atlanta Braves Major League Baseball team built a new stadium north of Atlanta, Georgia. The field drainage design required the removal of 75mm (3 inches) of rainfall an hour and a system for warming or cooling the field using air blown through the drainage system and field profile using heat from pipe buried approximately 3 meters (9 feet) below the playing surface.

Atlanta Braves Sun Trust Field features an innovative design for the drainage, aeration, and geothermal temperature moderation of the rootzone. The design objectives were removal of rainfall at a high rate, uniform distribution of air through the field profile, and moderate cooling or warming of the root zone of the turf. The system design, small scale tests, and actual performance results for the first year of use are presented. The field profile is discussed and the low profile drainage system detailed. This project presents a model for natural turf athletic fields for baseball, football, and soccer venues in moderate climate areas.

The design and performance tests of the research plot are presented, and their influence on the final design outlined. These items include the design for a 12,100 square meter (130,000 square foot) field area of the drainage system and the ultimate field profile. 

The project site conditions are outlined. These include the geologic conditions, ground temperature at 3 meters (10 feet) depth, and the typical climate for the location. The construction of the Sun Trust Park field is described, including the geothermal aeration pipe, the drainage system, and the field profile. Performance of the system relative to the rainfall and temperature history through the first season is presented.

Through the winter, the primary objective was to keep the turf from freezing. The design assumed a low ambient temperature of -7⁰C (20⁰F). Actual low temperature in January of 2018 reached -12⁰C (11⁰F). During that period the turf root zone temperature was no lower than 4⁰C (39⁰F), 75mm (3 inches) below the playing surface, with air blown into the field profile from a depth of 3 meters (10 feet). Applicability to other sports and climates is discussed. Some general recommendations are included.

Related keywords : Drainage; Geothermal, Turf; Aeration.
Please note that the whole article content is available on PPCA website only :

Related papers


Author(s) : Florian Arbeiter, Tobias Schachinger, Stefanie Eichinger, Gisbert Rieß, Michael Stur, Michael Steiner, Florian Saliger

Plastic pipes are of outstanding importance for the distribution of potable and process waters, oil and gas, as well as for sewer and waste water disposal. However, plastic pipes are also used in many other technical areas. Especially in European countries with mountainous regions, such as Austria, Switzerland, Italy...

2018 Las-Vegas : Engineering and testing requirements for infrastructure pipeline applications utilizing HDPE recycled materials

Author(s) : John Kurdziel, Michael Pluimer

Corrugated HDPE pipes have been successfully used for decades for sewers, culverts and land drainage applications and are advantageous due to their durability and service life in a variety of installation conditions. Pipes used for highway and storm sewer applications typically require stricter material standards than...

2018 Las-Vegas : Guidelines for corrugated HDPE pipes manufactured with recycled materials for highway culvert and storm drain applications

Author(s) : Michael Pluimer, Richard Thomas

Over the past decade, there have been several key research projects to evaluate the performance of corrugated HDPE pipes manufactured with post-consumer and postindustrial recycled materials for highway and railroad drainage applications. Three of these projects were recently completed and published (NCHRP Project...

2018 Las-Vegas : Sustainable construction - Environmental impact analysis of integrating recycled HDPE into corrugated piping

Author(s) : D.W. Currence, B. Sauer

Society’s call for improved stewardship of natural resources and public funds continues to grow. Combined with the challenges facing public infrastructure has resulted in the broadened expectation for sustainable and resilient materials and products to serve in these future public infrastructure needs. Sustainability...

2016 Berlin : Advancing of Plastic Corrugated Pipe Systems in India in Last Two Decades

Author(s) : C.B. Dandekar

Plastic Corrugated Piping System (PCPS) was introduced in India in 2001, much later than the western world started using it for various applications. It received a mixed response from the Govt. Agencies, but was well accepted by the market, actual users and standardizing institutions. PCPS finds applications in...

2016 Berlin : Less is more: polypropylene materials for sewerage & drainage pipes with reduced energy and carbon footprints

Author(s) : Jeroen Wassenaar

The environmental impact in terms of global warming potentials (GWP) and nonrenewable energy demand (NRED) of sewerage & drainage pipes based on PP-MD, PP-HM, PP-B, and concrete has been assessed using life cycle analysis methodology. It can be concluded that PP-MD and PP-HM materials are able to significantly lower...

2016 Berlin : The wayang windu geothermal power plant - First ever use of PE100 for a condensate pipeline

Author(s) : Andrew Wedgner, Gian Ganjar Zatnika, Sudi Mulyono

The Star Energy Wayang Windu geothermal plant in Java, Indonesia, generates up to 227MW of electricity using the natural steam from deep beneath the earth. Once the steam has cooled and condensed it is returned to the underground reservoir through condensate pipelines and injection wells. By 2012 the existing steel...

2014 Chicago : Analysis of Noise in Architectural Water Drainage Systems and the Application of Noise Reduction Technology

Author(s) : Li Yanjun

This article describes the general construction and different types of drainage system, including cast iron pipes and plastic pipes, plastic pipe commonly used are: hard PVC pipe (PVC-U), high density polyethylene pipe (PE-HD), polypropylene tube (PP), engineering plastics acrylonitrile - butadiene - styrene (ABS) and...

2014 Chicago : Optimization Design of PVC Drainage Pipe Fittings

Author(s) : GUO BING

This paper introduces a method to improve the productivity of PVC drainage pipe fittings, by optimizing the structure of product and mould. This method has mainly three improvements compared with the conventional fitting production method: (1) delitescent sprue is applied for the plastic melt injection, therefore the...

Members of the Association

BOREALISBOROUGEFormosa Plastics CorporationHanwha TotalEnergiesINEOS O&PIRPCKorea Petrochemical IND. Co., LTD (KPIC)LyondellBasellPetroChina Dushanzi Petrochemical CompanyPRIME POLYMERSABICSCG Chemicals & Thai PolyethyleneSinopecTASNEE