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The Development of Plastics Valves


Industrial & Chemical Process Piping

Plastic Pipes Conference Association # 1970 Southampton


In the early development of plastics for pipelines, particularly those that were to be employed in the transmission of corrosive fluids, it very soon became apparent that it would be necessary to control the flow of the fluids with valves constructed of material similar to that of the pipeline instead of with metal bodied valves that were either rubber or glass lined to combat corrosion. Various materials have been used, and indeed still are used, for fittings and pipe for the industrial field, but the earliest developments of valves were in the material polyvinylchloride - PVC for short. 

The angle seat valve was one of the earliest to appear, and was first made by fabricating, that is to say by using tube and solid bar from which parts were machined and subsequently welded. The labour content in manufacturing such valves was of course very expensive, and because of this it was not long before the body of this particular type of valve began to be moulded in thermoplastics. Then, as experience increased with the usage of such items, other mechanical parts that were previously machined were manufactured by the moulding process, resulting in considerable improvement in performance and appearance. As time went on, PVC became recognised as a material in its own right; today, components tend to be desiqed around the material and not as slavish copies of similar valves made in metal. This valve - the angle seat valve - is offered for sale today in Normal Impact PVC, polypropylene and ABS. 

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