2021 Amsterdam : A COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF PVC PIPES RECYCLING
Author(s) : A. Marangoni
The quality of infrastructures is a key driver for maximizing the performance of the
utilities networks and minimizing the environmental impacts associated with their
operation. The water and sewer pipes are key network elements to guarantee a
satisfactory service to the citizens. Their end-of-life management is an...
2021 Amsterdam : FLOWABLE FILL FOR PLASTIC PIPE
Author(s) : Amster Howard
Flowable fill is used for many applications, but mainly for pipe trench embedment and
backfill. There are three ways that using flowable fill can be kind to the environment.
Because flowable fill is self-leveling and has a strength greater than the native soil, the
trench cross section can be minimized. This means...
2021 Amsterdam : Risk Assessment of Non-Intentionally Added Substances (NIAS) in potable water
Author(s) : Dr Ruediger Liske, Dr Tobias Eltze, Dr Tania Weyland, Marie-Laure Bertet
The migration of NIAS (Non-Intentionally Added Substances) into potable water is a
recurring topic for the distribution of cold and warm drinking water and related materialsindustry. These substances are chemical compounds that are present in drinking water
contact materials but have not been added during the...
2021 Amsterdam : SLOW CRACK GROWTH RESISTANCE OF REPROCESSED PVC
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Mario Messiha, Günter Dreiling, Norbert Schuler, Jens-Martin Storheil, Erwin Mayrbäurl, Stuart Ramella, Frank Krause, Rudi Berning, Philippe Gabriëls, Alpay Aydemir, Thomas Koch, Florian Arbeiter, Gerald Pinter
The Cyclic Cracked Round Bar (CRB) Test has been applied to study the slow crack growth
(SCG) resistance of virgin, recycled, and reprocessed PVC-U. This fracture mechanical test allows a
quick ranking of the SCG resistance of PVC-U. A clear correlation between the K-value and the SCG
resistance has been elaborated....
2021 Amsterdam : TESTING AND EVALUATION OF NANOADDITIVES IN U-PVC PIPES
Author(s) : E. Boccaleri, L. Palin, G. Rombolà, M. Milanesio
In the last decades, research on nanostructured materials as additives for plastics
involved several polymeric matrices, but only limited studies and publications
involve PVC. In this work, the context of rigid application of PVC (U-PVC) for pipes
application was targeted, in order to test and evaluate the structural...
2018 Las-Vegas : Chlorine dioxide resistant HDPE mechanism, analytical tools and solutions
Author(s) : M. Boerakker, S. van Mierloo, D. v. Beek, R. Schipper, P. Voets, M. Soliman, K. Jacobson, D. Lukes, B. Rabaud, F. Zraick
HDPE pipes are used for standard pressurized water pipes, offering an excellent solution for safe transport of (drinking) water. The HDPE pipe market is growing globally. Especially in countries that suffer from water scarcity, surface water and water from rivers have to be used for drinking water supply. To guarantee...
2018 Las-Vegas : Effect of carbon black distribution on polyethylene pipes
Author(s) : Suleyman Deveci, Nisha Preschilla, Birkan Eryigit
Pipes with inhomogeneous CB distribution showed 80% less elongation than pipes with homogenously distributed CB. Polymer domains with less or no CB (windows) showed delamination from the polymer matrix as the material elongated, finally leading to fracture much earlier than expected.
In this study, we investigated the...
2018 Las-Vegas : HDPE Pipe as a Solution to Utilities Operating on a Manage to Fail Basis
Author(s) : Sarah Eisenstat, Peter Dyke
Many cities in the US are operating their water utility on a “manage to fail” basis, meaning they are replacing >100-year-old pipes at a cycle time of over 150 years. At this rate, most of the pipes will have failed before they can be replaced. Ft. Wayne, IN made the realization that PE pipe is the solution due to its...
2018 Las-Vegas : Slow crack growth resistance of non-virgin polymers
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Isabelle J. Berger, Mario Messiha, Carl-Gustaf Ek, Norbert Schuler, Jens-Martin Storheil, Erwin Mayrbäurl, Steve Heeley, Frank Krause, Lodewijk Niemöller, Philippe Gabriëls, Yogesh S. Deshmukh, Florian Arbeiter, Thomas Koch, Gerald Pinter
In order to improve the circular economy of polymers in terms of sustainability and reduced carbon footprint, the increased use of recyclates has become a topic of major importance. Due to their long design lifetimes, pipe applications represent an excellent opportunity to create added value to non-virgin polymers. In...
2016 Berlin : Effect of different chlorinated media to PE pipe materials
Author(s) : Amaia Bastero, Márton Bredács, Andreas Frank
The effect of chlorinated water environment to plastic pipes has been intensively investigated in recent years and proved to affect the lifetime of plastic pipes. Since it is known that the use of the different disinfectants (ClO2, HClO/ClO- ) imply different degradation rates, understanding the conditions...
2016 Berlin : Investigations on the behavior of PE100 grades in contact with chlorine dioxide
Author(s) : Herbert Terwyen, Roberto de Palo, Manuel Sanchez
New standards in Italy legally require that chlorine dioxide is used as a disinfectant in any new installation that treat water for human consumption. Chlorine dioxide is preferred to other disinfectants when surface water or water from rivers is used for drinking water supply and particularly Southern European...