2018 Las-Vegas : Multilayer polymer pipes - Possible utilization of recycled material
Author(s) : Pavel Hutar, Jan Poduska, Pavol Dlhy, Andreas Frank, Jaroslav Kucera, Jiri Sadilek, Gerald Pinter, Lubos Nahlik
This paper investigates possible use of recycled material as a part of a multilayer polyethylene pressure pipe system. Crack propagation in different configurations is simulated. Lifetimes of pipes containing recycled material are calculated. Results are compared with lifetimes of pipes made of virgin...
2018 Las-Vegas : The use of temperature, lubrication, and supplied hydraulic pressure in the production of oriented PVC pipe
Author(s) : Jie Feng, Michael Petr, Jeff Wenzel, Mark Mirgon, Sam Crabtree, Alan Nakatani
Through tensile tests, simulated orientation, tribology, and finite element analysis, this study explored the effect of temperature, lubrication and applied hydraulic pressure in the PVC orientation process. It was demonstrated that tight control of these parameters is critical in a continuous PVC orientation process...
2016 Berlin : Lifetime prediction of PE100 and PE100-rc pipes based on slow crack growth resistance
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Isabelle J. Berger, Florian Arbeiter, Pavel Hutař, Gerald Pinter
Due to the high slow crack growth resistance of modern polyethylene pipe grades a reliable lifetime assessment of pipes with focus on stage II failure has become challenging. The current paper presents a scientific approach for a fracture mechanics lifetime prediction based on Cyclic Cracked Round Bar (CRB) Tests....
2016 Berlin : Residual stress distribution in the extruded polyolefin pipes
Author(s) : Pavel Hutař, Jan Poduška, Jaroslav Kučera, Eva Nezbedová, Andreas Frank, Jiří Sadílek, Gerald Pinter
Residual stresses can significantly influence the lifetime of polymer pipes. Therefore, realistic estimation of residual hoop stress can contribute to accurate lifetime estimations. The previously used “accurate method” is quite time consuming and needs a lot of specimens to be prepared and treated. A simplified...
2014 Chicago : Polypropylene Multi Layer Pipe Lifetime Assessment Under Realistic Loading Conditions
Author(s) : Florian Arbeiter, Martin Ševčík, Gerald Pinter, Frank Andreas, Pavel Hutař
Multi-layer pipes made from polypropylene have been widely used in sewerage applications for several years. Due to good material properties and generally low mechanical loads not many critical failures occur. Aim of this work is to determine, whether slow crack growth, consisting of crack initiation and crack growth,...
2012 Barcelona : Comparison of accelerated tests for PE grades lifetime assessment
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Gerald Pinter, Mridula Kapur, E. Nezbedová
Results from cracked round bar tests (CRB) and pennsylvania notch tests (PENT) for several polyethylene (PE) pipe grades are compared. The CRB tests were conducted at 23 °C and 80 °C, the PENT tests only at 80 °C. A material ranking based on the CRB tests was in good accordance to PENT failure times, although a slight...
2012 Barcelona : Effect of the residual stresses on the slow crack growth
Author(s) : Pavel Hutař, Martin Ševčík, Jaroslav Kučera, Michal Zouhar, Robin Luky, Luboš Náhlík
Using linear elastic fracture mechanics a new methodology for a lifetime assessment of internally pressurized polymer pipes was developed. The concept is based on the numerical calculation of stress intensity factors for pipes under different loading conditions in combination with experimentally determined creep crack...
2010 Vancouver : PENT test versus time to rupture curve for HDPE
Author(s) : E.Nezbedova
The service life for HDPE (PE 80, PE 100) materials used in plastic pipes application covers a
time span of up 50 years. The new type of PE 100 (PE 100 RC) should achieve the life time
over 100 years. Conventional hydrostatic pressure test to qualify a new resin must last 104
hours (ISO 1167). In the last twenty years...
2006 Washington DC : Analysis of the Fracture Behaviour of Multi-Layer Pipes
Author(s) : Nezbedova, Vlach, Knesl
A multilayer pipe consisting of two different layers, namely of PE and PPH, was analysed.
The relevant numerical model based on the Finite Element Method (FEM) was used to
calculate the stress and strain distribution and to estimate the fracture characteristics. As
variables the thickness of the material layers and...
2006 Washington DC : Effect of Processing on the Lifetime of Pipe HDPE Grade
Author(s) : Sindelar, Nezbedova, Buran
The influence of processing conditions on molecular structure and microstructure of highdensity polyethylene pipe material has been studied. By modifying the segment arrangement
and package of additives, conditions during pelletising in the extruder have been changed.
Structural analyses obtained by gel permeation...
2006 Washington DC : Full Notch Creep Test - ISO Round Robin Test
Author(s) : Niebergall, Mertlova, Nezbedova
Full Notch Creep Test (FNCT) is widely used to characterize the slow crack growth behavior of particularly pipe and blow moulding PE materials, especially in Europe. However, the validity of the FNCT data is not satisfactory, as the results show large variability so far. Among other SCG tests, which exist and are used...
1998 Gothenburg : Relationship between Toughness and Structural Parameter of PE-Copolymers
Author(s) : Nezbedova, Salajka, Kucera
Structural and morphological parameters together with processing conditions determine the type of fracture behaviour of polyethylenes. Long time brittle failure which occurs under low stresses and at room temperature limits the lifetime of polyethylens used as pipes for water and gas distribution. In order to optimise...
Fracture Mechanics - Analysis of Multiplayer
Author(s) : Nezbedova, Knesl, Sestakova, Vlach