2021 Amsterdam : MODIFIED PLAIN STRAIN GROOVED TENSILE TEST TO EVALUATE LARGE DIAMETER PE PIPES
Author(s) : Thomas R. Kratochvilla, Patrick Grünbeck, Christoph Bruckner, Raimund Eremiasch, Harald Wilhelm, Mario Vukelja
In the last decades pipe dimensions of extruded PE pipes have reached new orders
of size. Today, PE pipes with outer diameters of up to DN/OD 3500 mm are produced
and used for pressure pipe applications like seawater intake/discharge, outfall, sewage
and industrial process piping systems.
To test the long-term...
2021 Amsterdam : SLOW CRACK GROWTH RESISTANCE OF REPROCESSED PVC
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Mario Messiha, Günter Dreiling, Norbert Schuler, Jens-Martin Storheil, Erwin Mayrbäurl, Stuart Ramella, Frank Krause, Rudi Berning, Philippe Gabriëls, Alpay Aydemir, Thomas Koch, Florian Arbeiter, Gerald Pinter
The Cyclic Cracked Round Bar (CRB) Test has been applied to study the slow crack growth
(SCG) resistance of virgin, recycled, and reprocessed PVC-U. This fracture mechanical test allows a
quick ranking of the SCG resistance of PVC-U. A clear correlation between the K-value and the SCG
resistance has been elaborated....
2021 Amsterdam : WHY PA-U12 HIGH PRESSURE PIPES DO NOT CARE ABOUT “ROCK ́N ́ SHARD” IN VIEW OF PAS 1075
Author(s) : Hermann van Laak, Jan Heimink, Mario Messiha, Andreas Frank, Christoph Bruckner, Thomas Kratochvilla
For high pressure pipes above maximum operation pressure of 10 bar, this paper
emphasizes PA-U12 as the easy to install alternative to steel. It underlines the superb
performance of PA-U12 pipes for alternative installation techniques without need for a
separate mechanical protection. An unplasticized polyamide 12...
2018 Las-Vegas : Molecularly oriented awwa C909 pipe for seismic applications
Author(s) : Richard St-Aubin, Dr. Thomas O’Rourke, Dr. Brad Wham, Blake Berger
Molecularly oriented polyvinyl chloride (PVC-O) pipe has been found to withstand large ground deformation during seismic events without damage. The properties of PVC-O pipe that support this performance have been investigated in a multi-year testing program undertaken at the Geotechnical Lifelines Large Scale Testing...
2018 Las-Vegas : Slow crack growth resistance of non-virgin polymers
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Isabelle J. Berger, Mario Messiha, Carl-Gustaf Ek, Norbert Schuler, Jens-Martin Storheil, Erwin Mayrbäurl, Steve Heeley, Frank Krause, Lodewijk Niemöller, Philippe Gabriëls, Yogesh S. Deshmukh, Florian Arbeiter, Thomas Koch, Gerald Pinter
In order to improve the circular economy of polymers in terms of sustainability and reduced carbon footprint, the increased use of recyclates has become a topic of major importance. Due to their long design lifetimes, pipe applications represent an excellent opportunity to create added value to non-virgin polymers. In...
2018 Las-Vegas : The world's first class 3 safety related nuclear PE4710 piping project - 10 year review
Author(s) : Lonnie Corley, Dane Chang, Harvey Svetlik, Matt Brandes, Thomas Musto, Frank Schaaf, David Fink
This paper presents a brief overview of a challenging project at the Callaway Nuclear Power Plant where HDPE was utilized to replace degraded steel buried piping in a Safety Related water system. Callaway was the first Nuclear Power plant to obtain NRC approval and successfully place the HDPE piping system into...
2016 Berlin : Mechanical stabilization of rigid PVC compositions
Author(s) : Thomas C. Pedersen, Robert R. Kwapisz
This paper presents rheological data on simple rigid PVC compositions lubricated paraffin wax, calcium stearate, and oxidized polyethylene wax. These three materials comprise the most widely used lubricant system for rigid PVC in North America. The influence of certain paraffin wax characteristics will be discussed....
2016 Berlin : Potentials of terahertz technology for the inspection of plastic pipes
Author(s) : Stefan Kremling, Thomas Hochrein, Peter Heidemeyer
In plastics industry, the use of terahertz technology opens up opportunities for novel non-destructive and contactless testing applications. For example, the thickness of individual layers of a foamed multilayered plastic pipe can be monitored contactless and continuously during the extrusion process. Furthermore,...
2014 Chicago : 150 Years Lifetime on PE-Piping Systems for Drinking Water, Can It Be Achieved?
Author(s) : Tomas Helenius, Karin Jacobson, Thomas Blomfeldt
Polyethylene is the leading material for new installation of drinking water pipes in Sweden. The material is recognized by the market as a flexible, light weight and an inexpensive solution. The material is ideal for water piping, however the lifetime is only guaranteed for 50 years. This is a problematic limitation...
2012 Barcelona : Accelerated material testing with cyclic CRB tests
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Anita Redhead, Thomas Kratochvilla, Heinz Dragaun, Gerald Pinter
Key words : Polyethylene, pipe, test method, lifetime, slow crack growth For a qualitative characterization of the slow crack growth resistance of polyethylene pipe grades several test methods are available. Especially for modern pipe grades these test methods exceed practical time frames and new acceleration methods...
2012 Barcelona : Polyethylene pipes: PE water pipes and chlorinated disinfectants: a pragmatic approach to even safer solutions
Author(s) : Francis R. Costa, Christophe Salles, Anh Tuan Tran, Jeroen Oderkerk and Thomas Hjertberg
Over the years polyethylene has gained preference as the material of choice for
water distribution pipes due to its long successful track record offering comparatively
lower frequency of leakage, corrosion resistance, flexibility, light weight, easy
installation, etc. However, in recent years, there have been growing...
2012 Barcelona : Survey results of water main failures in the United States and Canada
Author(s) : Steven Folkman, Ammon Sorensen, Thomas Fronk
During 2011 Utah State University conducted a survey of utilities across the USA and Canada
to obtain data on water main failures of municipal and private water supply systems. A total of
1,051 surveys were distributed and there were 188 respondents. The total length of pipe
covered by the survey is 189,264 km...
2010 Vancouver : Analytical Model of Stresses Caused by Over-Belling PVC Pipe
Author(s) : Steven L. Folkman, A. P. Moser, Thomas Fronk
Manufacturers of large diameter PVC pipe place a mark on the spigot of the pipe to indicate
the proper insertion depth into the adjoining bell during installation. If proper installation
procedures are followed, inserting the spigot into the bell does not create significant stresses
in the pipe. Additionally, small...
2010 Vancouver : Comparison of novel testing methods for determination of slow crack growth in PE 100
Author(s) : Christian Tischler, Markus Haager, Thomas R. Kratochvilla, Heinz Muschik, Heinz Dragaun
The static test method of the Notched Ring Test (NRT) is compared with a fatigue testing
method of Cracked Round Bar (CRB). Both methods are candidates for the classification of
polyethylene (PE) materials with high resistance against Slow Crack Growth (SCG). In this
paper tests of two PE 100 and two PE 100-RC...