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Whole life costing of water pipieline in shanghai, China

 

Papers # 2010 Vancouver

For a water pipe network, the whole life costs should be considered in the selection of the most cost effective water supply pipe material. The whole life costs consist of the material costs, construction costs, the operating costs and the maintaining costs over its whole life through to its disposal – that is, the total ownership costs. Keywords : whole life cost, PE water systems, metal pipes.

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