Renovation of Old Water Pipeline and Case Study in China

 

Papers # 2014 Chicago

The renovation of old water pipes in a big city, such as Shanghai in China, is always a challenging job due to huge population, heavy traffic and high demand for drinking water. Due to these problems No-Dig technology has become common practice, particularly relining using plastic pipes, to repair corroded metallic or concrete pipes. This paper describes the pipe renovation technology currently being used for drinking water supply pipelines and covers several real cases in China. This includes a recent project carried out by the Changzhou CGE Water Company which is responsible for the supply of fresh water to 2 million of local inhabitants. This case concerns the renovation of a leaking large diameter (1000mm diameter) cast iron main, which is buried 3.5 meter under a high speed railway bridge. Continued leakage of this main would erode the soil which could potentially damage the foundations of the bridge. One effective solution for the leakage of the corroded iron water main is to insert a close-fit PE100 pipe into the bore of the main. It is the first project in such a large size for both engineering and water companies in China. This solution is attractive in terms of both of economic and environmental aspects causing the least disturbance to the neighborhood. However there are a number of challenges including the jointing and forming process and the potential damage to the outer surface of the PE pipe. The success on this project has subsequently been shared with other water companies who are facing with similar problems in China.

Related keywords : pipe, water, china, iron, installation, diameter, temperatures, plastic water supply infrastructure.
Please note that the whole article content is available on PPCA website only


Related papers

2018 Las-Vegas : A new flexible jointing method of plastic (PE) pipes

Author(s) : Yilaing He, Tianjun Zhang

A new electrofusion PE belt is developed by reinforcing it with various layers of steel mesh. It’s of sandwich structure, consisting of steel mesh reinforcement, heating wire and polyethylene. One or more layers of steel mesh is encapsulated in the middle, and heating wire is embedded onto “inner side” of the...

2018 Las-Vegas : A recent survey of water main failures in the US and Canada

Author(s) : Steven Folkman

A recent survey again confirms that PVC pipe has the lowest break rate when compared with break rates of ductile and cast iron, asbestos cement, steel, and concrete pipe. Other results of interest to water utilities and engineers are discussed. During 2017, Utah State University conducted a survey of utilities across...

2018 Las-Vegas : Accelerated pipe test methods to evaluate PE 100-RC materials - Possibilities for iso standardisation

Author(s) : Thomas R. Kratochvilla, Raimund Eremiasch, Christoph Bruckner

In the last years effort has been made to develop and standardise new accelerated test methods to evaluate PE 100-RC materials in short times in form of test bars. The two most important developments, the cracked round bar test (CRB test) and the strain hardening test (SH test) were published as final ISO standards in...

2018 Las-Vegas : Biomimetic design concepts for the pipe architecture of tomorrow

Author(s) : Gerald Pinter, Florian Arbeiter, Johannes Wiener, Andreas Frank, Otmar Kolednik

In order to further increase the fracture toughness of pipes, biomimetic layer design of the pipe wall can be used. Therein, soft polymer interlayers can act as crack-arresters in a matrix of stiffer and inherently more brittle polymers. The effectiveness of the crack arresting role of soft interlayers in a...

2018 Las-Vegas : China plastic pipe industry - Technical progress and quality improvement

Author(s) : Wang Zhanjie

As the largest production country, with numerous applications, China’s plastic pipe industry is developing steadily to meet the demand and needs. This paper analyzes the current situation and barriers, and proposes the breakthroughs to achieve a sustainable, stable and healthy development of China’s plastic pipe...

2018 Las-Vegas : CPVC application in the fire sprinkler system in China

Author(s) : Jiang Tongjun, Fu Zhimin, Yang Yuanjin

This paper introduces the application of CPVC pipe in fire sprinkler systems in China. The advantages and differences of CPVC pipe versus to galvanized steel pipes, the improvement of related laws and regulations and the market outlook are discussed. The overall result is a change in the upstream and downstream...

2018 Las-Vegas : Design and qualification of PA-PERT pipe for oil and gas transportation

Author(s) : Liang Yu, Akshay Ponda, Dane Chang

Following the development of US shale oil and gas production since 2007, the demand for thermoplastic pipes with better corrosion resistance, and lower installation and operation cost than carbon steel pipe, has been growing significantly. Nylon 12 has been qualified for hydrocarbon transportation in offshore flexible...

2018 Las-Vegas : Design of large diameter buried pipes

Author(s) : Anders Andtbacka, Frans Alferink, Peter Sejersen

The behavior of buried plastic pipes is already well described in standards and technical specifications and as well as proven in real life conditions. Plastics pipes in diameters up to around 400 mm are already in use for more than 60 years and pipes with larger diameters for more than 20 years now. All with good...

2018 Las-Vegas : Development status and technical requirements of composite insulating plastic pipe

Author(s) : HU Fa, LI Yue, GAO Yuanjie, ZHE Dongmei, WEI Ruoqi

This paper expounds the development status of composite insulating pipe in the heating and chemical fields from the aspects of materials, structure and application. Combined with the relevant standards and technical requirements, the performance advantages and the key evaluation methods such as axial shear strength,...

2018 Las-Vegas : Discover: plastics

Author(s) : Davidovski Zoran

To get a deeper insight in why plastic pipes systems in some cases are deselected by designers, installers and users, European Plastics Pipes and Fittings Association (TEPPFA) initiated a research including interviews in four pilot countries: Poland, France, Germany and the UK. The first phase was concentrating on...

2018 Las-Vegas : Effect of beta-nucleation on aging and crack growth resistance of polypropylene exposed to chlorinated water

Author(s) : Joerg Fischer, Paul J. Freudenthaler, Patrick R. Bradler, Reinhold W. Lang, Susan C. Mantell

This research addresses the effect of nucleation on the global aging behavior and the fatigue crack growth (FCG) resistance of commercial alpha- and beta-nucleated polypropylene random copolymer pipe grades (PP-R) when exposed to chlorinated water (5 mg/l free chlorine) at an elevated temperature of 60°C. Comparing...

2018 Las-Vegas : Effect of carbon black distribution on polyethylene pipes

Author(s) : Suleyman Deveci, Nisha Preschilla, Birkan Eryigit

Pipes with inhomogeneous CB distribution showed 80% less elongation than pipes with homogenously distributed CB. Polymer domains with less or no CB (windows) showed delamination from the polymer matrix as the material elongated, finally leading to fracture much earlier than expected. In this study, we investigated the...

2018 Las-Vegas : Effect of eccentricity on the measurement of hydrostatic pressure resistance of plastic pipes

Author(s) : Suleyman Deveci, Birkan Eryigit, Senthil K. Kaliappan

The effect of eccentricity on the failure time of pipes under hydrostatic pressure test has a significant magnitude that it can easily mislead the evaluation of pipes according to requirement of ISO 4427-2. Therefore, authors propose a maximum relative eccentricity limit of 0.015, even lower, for pipes being tested...

2018 Las-Vegas : Engineering and testing requirements for infrastructure pipeline applications utilizing HDPE recycled materials

Author(s) : John Kurdziel, Michael Pluimer

Corrugated HDPE pipes have been successfully used for decades for sewers, culverts and land drainage applications and are advantageous due to their durability and service life in a variety of installation conditions. Pipes used for highway and storm sewer applications typically require stricter material standards than...

2018 Las-Vegas : Extrusion of thick wall pipes using a new bimodal PE 4710/PE 100 resin

Author(s) : Vivek Rohatg, Gregor Hiesgen, Mark J. Lamborn, Ashish M. Sukhadia, Douglas E. Simpson, David W. Borrego, Pamela L. Maeger

Maintaining dimensions within specifications is problematic for the extrusion of large diameter thick-wall polyethylene (PE) pipe (> 75 mm wall) due to sag caused by insufficient resin melt strength. However, sag can be controlled through careful resin selection and optimization of the pipe cooling process. This...

2018 Las-Vegas : Fatigue crack growth testing in chlorinated water at elevated temperatures - Test equipment and test procedure

Author(s) : Joerg Fischer, Patrick R. Bradler, Reinhold W. Lang

In the present paper, a novel test system for conducting fatigue crack growth (FCG) experiments under superimposed mechanical-environmental conditions is presented. FCG experiments were performed on a polypropylene (PP) grade and a short-glass fiber reinforced polyamide 66 (PA-GF) grade as model materials. The...

2018 Las-Vegas : Field test of Glass fiber reinforced polyethylene pipe system at soften ground

Author(s) : Mitsuaki TOKIYOSHI, Gentaro TAKAHARA, Joji HINOBAYASHI, Toshinori KAWABATA, Takashi KURIYAMA

Glass fiber reinforced polyethylene pipes and fittings are controlled for bending characteristics (Strength and stiffness) for vertical and axial directions of pipe by spiral cross winding method. Generally, to use this method, it takes much stronger for vertical strength than axials cause of extruded direction,...

2018 Las-Vegas : Guidelines for corrugated HDPE pipes manufactured with recycled materials for highway culvert and storm drain applications

Author(s) : Michael Pluimer, Richard Thomas

Over the past decade, there have been several key research projects to evaluate the performance of corrugated HDPE pipes manufactured with post-consumer and postindustrial recycled materials for highway and railroad drainage applications. Three of these projects were recently completed and published (NCHRP Project...

2018 Las-Vegas : Harmonizing the european hygienic requirements

Author(s) : Ilari Aho, Volker Meyer, Peter Sejersen

The lack of a cross-border acceptance of the approval of the hygienic requirements for plastic pipes systems is inefficient and expensive for the industry. The costs for testing of a pipe system range from a few thousand Euro to more than €30k /reference 3, 4/. The European Plastic Pipe and Fitting Association...

2018 Las-Vegas : HDPE Pipe as a Solution to Utilities Operating on a Manage to Fail Basis

Author(s) : Sarah Eisenstat, Peter Dyke

Many cities in the US are operating their water utility on a “manage to fail” basis, meaning they are replacing >100-year-old pipes at a cycle time of over 150 years. At this rate, most of the pipes will have failed before they can be replaced. Ft. Wayne, IN made the realization that PE pipe is the solution due...

Members of the Association

BOREALISBOROUGEFormosa Plastics CorporationINEOS O&PIRPCKazanorgsintez PJSCKorea Petrochemical IND. Co., LTD (KPIC)LyondellBasellPetroChina Dushanzi Petrochemical CompanyPRIME POLYMERSABICSCG Chemicals & Thai PolyethyleneSinopecTASNEE
TOP