2021 Amsterdam : A COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF PVC PIPES RECYCLING
Author(s) : A. Marangoni
The quality of infrastructures is a key driver for maximizing the performance of the
utilities networks and minimizing the environmental impacts associated with their
operation. The water and sewer pipes are key network elements to guarantee a
satisfactory service to the citizens. Their end-of-life management is an...
2021 Amsterdam : ANALYSIS OF PVC AND CPVC BLENDS
Author(s) : Saleem Shakir
Unplasticized formulations based on Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl
Chloride) (CPVC) resins offer technical solution to pressure piping systems that find extensive use in
residential and industrial applications. Building upon the desirable properties of the vinyl monomer, the
chlorine content of...
2021 Amsterdam : FRACTURE MECHANICS TECHNIQUES IN LARGE DIAMETER PVC PIPES
Author(s) : Antonio Rodolfo Jr., Vanderley M. John
Unplasticised (U-PVC) and modified (M-PVC) pipes used in irrigation and infrastructure
applications, outside diameter 326 mm, were evaluated according to various fracture mechanics
methodologies, including fracture toughness (stress intensity factor KC and energy release rate GC,
both at fracture), essential work of...
2021 Amsterdam : MODELLING THE MIGRATION FROM PVC-U PIPES INTO DRINKING WATER
Author(s) : C. Losher and P.V. Mercea
In the framework of the German Environmental Agency (UBA) requirements of
plastic articles in contact with drinking water (KTW-BWGL-guideline), the
compliance is verified by comparing so-called “expected concentrations at tap”, C tap ,
of substances contained in the plastics with specific limits in drinking water...
2021 Amsterdam : MULTILAYER POLYMER PIPES – THE INFLUENCE OF RESIDUAL STRESS ON FATIGUE LIFETIME
Author(s) : Lukas Travnicek, Pavel Hutar, Jan Poduska, Andreas Frank, Florian Arbeiter, Jaroslav Kucera, Jiri Sadilek, Gerald Pinter, Lubos Nahlik
The application of recycled material in pressure piping systems has been considered
lately – it was suggested, that the recycled polyethylene could be used as a part of a
multilayer pipe together with virgin material. This type of pressure pipes is not availableon the market yet, so their properties can be only...
2021 Amsterdam : PIPE FOR FIRE EXTINGISHING DEVICE
Author(s) : Yoshikatsu NISHIDA, Yukihisa YAMADA, Masaya IWASAKI, Masaru TOMOBE, Yuichi KOUGA
By using polyethylene as the main material for this fire extinguishing device pipe, a
resin-made fire extinguishing device is developed that is maintenance-free for eight
years and can cope with the abnormal heat generation of lithium ion batteries.
In order to prevent the internal extinguishant from permeating and...
2021 Amsterdam : PVC Pipes TRAINING PACKAGE: 2020 UPDATE!
Author(s) : Sylvie Famelart, Vincent. Stone
In order to deliver to the market reliable and consistent information about PVC and the
different PVC pipe solutions, a Training Package was developed a few years ago. The
package was made up of a set of standalone PowerPoint slides, providing information
on PVC-U and PVC-C pipe systems. Information on both general...
2021 Amsterdam : PVC PIPES WITH SUPERIOR ROOT INTRUSION RESISTANCE
Author(s) : Argnani Claudio, Ing. Gianpaolo Contarini
...Clogging of the pipes can be experienced in sewer systems after a short period of
service, due to the intrusion of roots from plants and trees. Plants, and in particular
their roots, are attracted by the water flowing inside the pipes. These roots will strain
the connections between pipes, in particular the sockets...
2021 Amsterdam : PVC-O DN800: EFFICIENT TRANSFORMATION FROM SOIL TO IRRIGATED LAND
Author(s) : Ignacio Muñoz
“Food is the new oil and gas” is a rather bold statement, but everyday more and more
people are concerned about food scarcity. Bringing irrigation to not productive lands will
change the lives of the community and if it can be done with a cost effective and the
most ecofriendly solution, even better.
This case study...
2021 Amsterdam : RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN INTEGRAL JOINT RESTRAINTS
Author(s) : Guido Quesada
An important breakthrough for belled PVC pipe was made around 2006, when the
first versions an integral joint restraint were released, after about two years in
development. This type of restraint comprises a casing, usually made of metal such
as ductile iron or stainless steel, a rubber seal, and a “C” grip ring,...
2021 Amsterdam : SLOW CRACK GROWTH RESISTANCE OF REPROCESSED PVC
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Mario Messiha, Günter Dreiling, Norbert Schuler, Jens-Martin Storheil, Erwin Mayrbäurl, Stuart Ramella, Frank Krause, Rudi Berning, Philippe Gabriëls, Alpay Aydemir, Thomas Koch, Florian Arbeiter, Gerald Pinter
The Cyclic Cracked Round Bar (CRB) Test has been applied to study the slow crack growth
(SCG) resistance of virgin, recycled, and reprocessed PVC-U. This fracture mechanical test allows a
quick ranking of the SCG resistance of PVC-U. A clear correlation between the K-value and the SCG
resistance has been elaborated....
2021 Amsterdam : TESTING AND EVALUATION OF NANOADDITIVES IN U-PVC PIPES
Author(s) : E. Boccaleri, L. Palin, G. Rombolà, M. Milanesio
In the last decades, research on nanostructured materials as additives for plastics
involved several polymeric matrices, but only limited studies and publications
involve PVC. In this work, the context of rigid application of PVC (U-PVC) for pipes
application was targeted, in order to test and evaluate the structural...
2021 Amsterdam : WHY PA-U12 HIGH PRESSURE PIPES DO NOT CARE ABOUT “ROCK ́N ́ SHARD” IN VIEW OF PAS 1075
Author(s) : Hermann van Laak, Jan Heimink, Mario Messiha, Andreas Frank, Christoph Bruckner, Thomas Kratochvilla
For high pressure pipes above maximum operation pressure of 10 bar, this paper
emphasizes PA-U12 as the easy to install alternative to steel. It underlines the superb
performance of PA-U12 pipes for alternative installation techniques without need for a
separate mechanical protection. An unplasticized polyamide 12...
2018 Las-Vegas : A new flexible jointing method of plastic (PE) pipes
Author(s) : Yilaing He, Tianjun Zhang
A new electrofusion PE belt is developed by reinforcing it with various layers of steel mesh. It’s of sandwich structure, consisting of steel mesh reinforcement, heating wire and polyethylene. One or more layers of steel mesh is encapsulated in the middle, and heating wire is embedded onto “inner side” of the belt....
2018 Las-Vegas : A recent survey of water main failures in the US and Canada
Author(s) : Steven Folkman
A recent survey again confirms that PVC pipe has the lowest break rate when compared with break rates of ductile and cast iron, asbestos cement, steel, and concrete pipe. Other results of interest to water utilities and engineers are discussed.
During 2017, Utah State University conducted a survey of utilities across...
2018 Las-Vegas : C-PVC-O, pushing limits beyond in molecular orientation
Author(s) : Ignacio Muñoz
During the last years PVC-O has become a popular product in pipe business due to the huge improvements of mechanical properties of PVC after orientation. At the same time, CPVC has become an important choice for hot water conduits in in-house applications. Molecor has started a research program to evaluate the...
2018 Las-Vegas : Considerations when restraining molecularly oriented PVC pipe
Author(s) : G.M. Quesada, K.H. Steinbruck
The benefits of molecularly oriented PVC pipe (PVC-O) are well known and documented. Numerous studies covering improved pipe impact, toughness, hydraulics, and life cycle have been published. There is less information about PVC-O pipe under pipeline hydraulic forces. The objective of this paper is to identify design...
2018 Las-Vegas : CPVC application in the fire sprinkler system in China
Author(s) : Jiang Tongjun, Fu Zhimin, Yang Yuanjin
This paper introduces the application of CPVC pipe in fire sprinkler systems in China. The advantages and differences of CPVC pipe versus to galvanized steel pipes, the improvement of related laws and regulations and the market outlook are discussed. The overall result is a change in the upstream and downstream...