2018 Las-Vegas : A new flexible jointing method of plastic (PE) pipes
Author(s) : Yilaing He, Tianjun Zhang
A new electrofusion PE belt is developed by reinforcing it with various layers of steel mesh. It’s of sandwich structure, consisting of steel mesh reinforcement, heating wire and polyethylene. One or more layers of steel mesh is encapsulated in the middle, and heating wire is embedded onto “inner side” of the belt....
2018 Las-Vegas : Determination of the slow crack growth resistance of PA12 pipe grades
Author(s) : Mario Messiha, Andreas Frank, Isabelle J. Berger, Jan Heimink, Hermann van Laak, Florian Arbeiter, Gerald Pinter
Since the last decade polyamide 12 (PA12) has been successfully introduced as material for SDR 11 gas piping systems up to 18 bar, representing itself as an attractive alternative to steel pipes for high-pressure applications. Practical experience has confirmed that beside the higher strength, PA12 pipe grades also...
2018 Las-Vegas : Effect of carbon black distribution on polyethylene pipes
Author(s) : Suleyman Deveci, Nisha Preschilla, Birkan Eryigit
Pipes with inhomogeneous CB distribution showed 80% less elongation than pipes with homogenously distributed CB. Polymer domains with less or no CB (windows) showed delamination from the polymer matrix as the material elongated, finally leading to fracture much earlier than expected.
In this study, we investigated the...
2018 Las-Vegas : Modern PE pipe enables the transport of hydrogen
Author(s) : R.J.M. Hermkens, H. Colmer, H.A. Ophoff
To investigate the suitability of PE pipes for the transport of hydrogen on a specific industrial site, three topics were investigated. These topics are: the chemical resistance of PE to hydrogen, the permeation rate of hydrogen through PE and the electrofusion of PE pipes exposed to hydrogen. It can be concluded that...
2018 Las-Vegas : Multilayer polymer pipes - Possible utilization of recycled material
Author(s) : Pavel Hutar, Jan Poduska, Pavol Dlhy, Andreas Frank, Jaroslav Kucera, Jiri Sadilek, Gerald Pinter, Lubos Nahlik
This paper investigates possible use of recycled material as a part of a multilayer polyethylene pressure pipe system. Crack propagation in different configurations is simulated. Lifetimes of pipes containing recycled material are calculated. Results are compared with lifetimes of pipes made of virgin...
2018 Las-Vegas : New en standard for infiltration units
Author(s) : Peter Verlaan
Ten years ago, The European Plastic Pipes and Fittings Association (TEPPFA) has taken the initiative to prepare a draft 'Standard for Infiltration units' based on existing national specifications, at that time (in particular) available in France, Germany, United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
This draft 'Standard for...
2018 Las-Vegas : PE100-RC in large diameter sea outfall applications
Author(s) : Mark Yu, Dongyu Fang, Peck Tze Kang, Amos Tay , Fan Liu
Large diameter pipe was introduced in refineries and petrochemical plant, desalination plant and power plant for water intake and sea out fall in the past decade. PE100-RC material was selectedfor its excellent balance of superior bi-modal stress crack resistance and consistent high stiffness modulus.
2018 Las-Vegas : Preparation and studying of thermoplastic cross-linked polyethylene
Author(s) : Cheng Zhi, Mingyuan Hu, Kaige Duan, Chaoxi Zhou, Dongming Yu
The PE properties are obviously improved by crosslinking modified to TPEX, which can approach to that of PEX, while still remaining thermoplastic. It can be processed by the common forming method of thermoplastic; the products can be hot-melted and the scrap can be processed to be reused. The two-layer structure...
2018 Las-Vegas : Quality assurance on welded joints with the mechanised linear shear test (lst)
Author(s) : Juergen Wuest, Benjamin Baudrit, Frank Dorbath, Christopher Pommer
A testing apparatus for determining the mechanical properties of electrofusion and heated tool sleeve welded joints with the mechanized linear shear test (LST) was developed. The LST-apparatus allows the recording of the force as a function of the extension / shear length. It has been proved that the linear shear test...
2018 Las-Vegas : Testing parameters influencing the strain hardening modulus
Author(s) : E.J.W. van der Stok
The effect of eleven different test parameters on the strain hardening modulus was investigated using the Design of Experiments statistical method. The changes in strain hardening modulus due to temperature, tensile drawing speed and the cooling rate after annealing were assessed. The importance of taking account of...
2016 Berlin : Bi-oriented PVC extrusion: stretching pipe performance
Author(s) : André Nijland
Bi-oriented PVC (PVC-O) pipes are increasingly installed on a worldwide basis for drinking water applications. This is due to the outstanding mechanical properties of PVC-O pipes, such as high strength and high ductility. Furthermore bi-oriented PVC pipes are light weight, flexible and have a low carbon footprint and...
2016 Berlin : Determining the residual quality of PE pipes using the strain hardening test
Author(s) : Ernst van der Stok, Frans Scholten
Samples machined directly from pipe show that orientation has a large influence on the strain hardening modulus. No effects arising as a result of residual stresses were found. Samples machined in the axial direction from a hydrostatic pressurised pipe showed no effect as a result of this mechanical degradation. For...