2021 Amsterdam : A COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF PVC PIPES RECYCLING
Author(s) : A. Marangoni
The quality of infrastructures is a key driver for maximizing the performance of the
utilities networks and minimizing the environmental impacts associated with their
operation. The water and sewer pipes are key network elements to guarantee a
satisfactory service to the citizens. Their end-of-life management is an...
2021 Amsterdam : A TRADE ASSOCIATION EXPLORED
Author(s) : Drew Mueller, Peter Dyke
HDPE Pipe holds a dominant position in several markets in North America: natural gas distribution, oil
patch, mining, landfill and geothermal. So why are polyethylene’s municipal water and wastewater
market shares so much lower than these other industries? How has the polyethylene industry been
successful in growing...
2021 Amsterdam : ANALYSIS OF PVC AND CPVC BLENDS
Author(s) : Saleem Shakir
Unplasticized formulations based on Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl
Chloride) (CPVC) resins offer technical solution to pressure piping systems that find extensive use in
residential and industrial applications. Building upon the desirable properties of the vinyl monomer, the
chlorine content of...
2021 Amsterdam : APPLICATION OF PP-R COMPOSITE REINFORCED PIPES IN HOT AND COLD WATER SYSTEMS
Author(s) : Lei Wang, Guozhi Xu, Qiaoping Qiu, Weihua Lu, Yanwang Han
PP-R (random copolymerized polypropylene) has been widely used in hot and cold
water systems. However, the standard PP-R pipes have the disadvantages of a large
high-temperature thermal expansion coefficient, an insufficient notched impact strength,
and a low temperature and pressure resistance.
In this paper, a new...
2021 Amsterdam : CHALLENGING THE 10% WALL THICKNESS RULE FOR HDPE MARINE PIPELINES
Author(s) : Ilija Radeljic, Ebbe Smith
HDPE pipe can be relatively easily scratched during the manipulation on the site,
which is especially true for the marine pipelines. Installing the scratched marine pipe
with the S bend method presents a risk and repair methods are usually performed.
Currently, there is no standard defining the repair procedure, in...
2021 Amsterdam : FLOWABLE FILL FOR PLASTIC PIPE
Author(s) : Amster Howard
Flowable fill is used for many applications, but mainly for pipe trench embedment and
backfill. There are three ways that using flowable fill can be kind to the environment.
Because flowable fill is self-leveling and has a strength greater than the native soil, the
trench cross section can be minimized. This means...
2021 Amsterdam : FRACTURE MECHANICS TECHNIQUES IN LARGE DIAMETER PVC PIPES
Author(s) : Antonio Rodolfo Jr., Vanderley M. John
Unplasticised (U-PVC) and modified (M-PVC) pipes used in irrigation and infrastructure
applications, outside diameter 326 mm, were evaluated according to various fracture mechanics
methodologies, including fracture toughness (stress intensity factor KC and energy release rate GC,
both at fracture), essential work of...
2021 Amsterdam : FROM MULTILAYER LAMINATES TO INDUSTRIAL PIPE APPLICATIONS – A GUIDELINE
Author(s) : Gerald Pinter, Johannes Wiener, Florian Arbeiter, Abhishek Tiwari, Otmar Kolednik
For pipe applications, catastrophic failure due to crack growth has to be prevented
by all means. Techniques to develop new and even tougher pipe materials are explored
in this contribution. The aim is to create a multi-layer architecture, that exhibits high
toughness as well as damage tolerance towards sharp notches....
2021 Amsterdam : MODELLING THE MIGRATION FROM PVC-U PIPES INTO DRINKING WATER
Author(s) : C. Losher and P.V. Mercea
In the framework of the German Environmental Agency (UBA) requirements of
plastic articles in contact with drinking water (KTW-BWGL-guideline), the
compliance is verified by comparing so-called “expected concentrations at tap”, C tap ,
of substances contained in the plastics with specific limits in drinking water...
2021 Amsterdam : PIPE FOR FIRE EXTINGISHING DEVICE
Author(s) : Yoshikatsu NISHIDA, Yukihisa YAMADA, Masaya IWASAKI, Masaru TOMOBE, Yuichi KOUGA
By using polyethylene as the main material for this fire extinguishing device pipe, a
resin-made fire extinguishing device is developed that is maintenance-free for eight
years and can cope with the abnormal heat generation of lithium ion batteries.
In order to prevent the internal extinguishant from permeating and...