2021 Amsterdam : A COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF PVC PIPES RECYCLING
Author(s) : A. Marangoni
The quality of infrastructures is a key driver for maximizing the performance of the
utilities networks and minimizing the environmental impacts associated with their
operation. The water and sewer pipes are key network elements to guarantee a
satisfactory service to the citizens. Their end-of-life management is an...
2021 Amsterdam : ANALYSIS OF PVC AND CPVC BLENDS
Author(s) : Saleem Shakir
Unplasticized formulations based on Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl
Chloride) (CPVC) resins offer technical solution to pressure piping systems that find extensive use in
residential and industrial applications. Building upon the desirable properties of the vinyl monomer, the
chlorine content of...
2021 Amsterdam : APPLICATIONS OF HDPE PIPING TO SUPPLY WATER TO RURAL VILLAGES IN MOROCCO
Author(s) : Donald Swen, Leanne Pichay, Nicholas Vallin, Alice Wu, Jim Johnston
In the rural commune of Ait Bayoud, Morocco, two of the most remote villages in the area,
Ilguiloda and Izgouaren, live with water scarcity. To meet their water needs, women and
children walk several kilometers to the nearest spring each day, often multiple times a
day. Consequently, children cannot attend school...
2021 Amsterdam : CHEAPER AND BETTER NETWORKS REALISED WITH PRACTICAL DESIGN SOFTWARE
Author(s) : Andreas Moerman, Flip van der Valk, Mirjam Blokker KWR, Tjakko Haaijer, Jan Vreeburg,
Drinking water companies with ageing networks are facing vast amounts of drinking
water network reconstructions during the coming decades. This development coincides
with the energy transition, which puts pressure on the available space underground.
These external drivers give drinking water companies an opportunity...
2021 Amsterdam : FRACTURE MECHANICS TECHNIQUES IN LARGE DIAMETER PVC PIPES
Author(s) : Antonio Rodolfo Jr., Vanderley M. John
Unplasticised (U-PVC) and modified (M-PVC) pipes used in irrigation and infrastructure
applications, outside diameter 326 mm, were evaluated according to various fracture mechanics
methodologies, including fracture toughness (stress intensity factor KC and energy release rate GC,
both at fracture), essential work of...
2021 Amsterdam : LONG-TERM DURABILITY OF NEW POLYMER COMPOSITE VALVES FOR DRINKING WATER NETWORKS
Author(s) : Jennifer Ravereau, Jose Teixeira Pinto, Malena Bernabeu, Jose Alacid, Jean-Philippe Le Goff, Frederic Mohier, Benjamin Rabaud
Drinking water network fittings such as valves are made of brass materials known to be robust over
long periods. Due to the gradual inflation metallic raw material costs, composite plastic valves have
grown in market share. Uncertainties remain, however, on their long-term reliability.
The aim of this work is to...
2021 Amsterdam : MODELLING THE MIGRATION FROM PVC-U PIPES INTO DRINKING WATER
Author(s) : C. Losher and P.V. Mercea
In the framework of the German Environmental Agency (UBA) requirements of
plastic articles in contact with drinking water (KTW-BWGL-guideline), the
compliance is verified by comparing so-called “expected concentrations at tap”, C tap ,
of substances contained in the plastics with specific limits in drinking water...
2021 Amsterdam : PVC Pipes TRAINING PACKAGE: 2020 UPDATE!
Author(s) : Sylvie Famelart, Vincent. Stone
In order to deliver to the market reliable and consistent information about PVC and the
different PVC pipe solutions, a Training Package was developed a few years ago. The
package was made up of a set of standalone PowerPoint slides, providing information
on PVC-U and PVC-C pipe systems. Information on both general...
2021 Amsterdam : PVC PIPES WITH SUPERIOR ROOT INTRUSION RESISTANCE
Author(s) : Argnani Claudio, Ing. Gianpaolo Contarini
...Clogging of the pipes can be experienced in sewer systems after a short period of
service, due to the intrusion of roots from plants and trees. Plants, and in particular
their roots, are attracted by the water flowing inside the pipes. These roots will strain
the connections between pipes, in particular the sockets...
2021 Amsterdam : PVC-O DN800: EFFICIENT TRANSFORMATION FROM SOIL TO IRRIGATED LAND
Author(s) : Ignacio Muñoz
“Food is the new oil and gas” is a rather bold statement, but everyday more and more
people are concerned about food scarcity. Bringing irrigation to not productive lands will
change the lives of the community and if it can be done with a cost effective and the
most ecofriendly solution, even better.
This case study...
2021 Amsterdam : RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN INTEGRAL JOINT RESTRAINTS
Author(s) : Guido Quesada
An important breakthrough for belled PVC pipe was made around 2006, when the
first versions an integral joint restraint were released, after about two years in
development. This type of restraint comprises a casing, usually made of metal such
as ductile iron or stainless steel, a rubber seal, and a “C” grip ring,...
2021 Amsterdam : Risk Assessment of Non-Intentionally Added Substances (NIAS) in potable water
Author(s) : Dr Ruediger Liske, Dr Tobias Eltze, Dr Tania Weyland, Marie-Laure Bertet
The migration of NIAS (Non-Intentionally Added Substances) into potable water is a
recurring topic for the distribution of cold and warm drinking water and related materialsindustry. These substances are chemical compounds that are present in drinking water
contact materials but have not been added during the...
2021 Amsterdam : SLOW CRACK GROWTH RESISTANCE OF REPROCESSED PVC
Author(s) : Andreas Frank, Mario Messiha, Günter Dreiling, Norbert Schuler, Jens-Martin Storheil, Erwin Mayrbäurl, Stuart Ramella, Frank Krause, Rudi Berning, Philippe Gabriëls, Alpay Aydemir, Thomas Koch, Florian Arbeiter, Gerald Pinter
The Cyclic Cracked Round Bar (CRB) Test has been applied to study the slow crack growth
(SCG) resistance of virgin, recycled, and reprocessed PVC-U. This fracture mechanical test allows a
quick ranking of the SCG resistance of PVC-U. A clear correlation between the K-value and the SCG
resistance has been elaborated....